Kansas Statutes

Chapter 12. Cities and Municipalities

Article 29. Interlocal Cooperation


KAN. STAT. ANN. §12-2903. Definitions

As used in the interlocal cooperation act:

(a) “Public agency” means:

(1) Any county, township, city, school district, library district, road district, drainage district, sewer district, water district or fire district;

(2) any entity created pursuant to K.S.A. 12-2901 et seq. or chapter 72 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto;

(3) any other municipal corporation, quasi-municipal corporation or political subdivision of this state or of any other state which is not specified in paragraphs (1) and (2);

(4) any state officer; and

(5) any agency or instrumentality of this state or any other state or of the United States.

(b) “State” means a state of the United States and the District of Columbia.

(c) “Private agency” means an individual, firm, association or corporation.

(d) “State officer” shall mean the governor, attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer and insurance commissioner of the state of Kansas.

K.S.A. §12-2904. Interlocal agreements by public agencies; specifications; approval of attorney general, exceptions.

(a) Subject to the limitations of subsection (g), any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state including but not limited to those functions relating to economic development, public improvements, public utilities, police protection, public security, public safety and emergency preparedness, including but not limited to, intelligence, antiterrorism and disaster recovery, libraries, data processing services, educational services, building and related inspection services, flood control and storm water drainage, weather modification, sewage disposal, refuse disposal, park and recreational programs and facilities, ambulance service, fire protection, the Kansas tort claims act or claims for civil rights violations, may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state or with any private agency, and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that the laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government when acting jointly with any public or private agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges and authority conferred by this act upon a public agency.

(b)  Any public agency may enter into agreements with one or more public or private agencies for joint or cooperative action pursuant to the provisions of this act. Appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or otherwise pursuant to law of the governing bodies of the participating public agencies shall be necessary before any such agreement may enter into force.

(g) Every agreement made hereunder, except agreements between two or more public agencies establishing a council or other organization of local governments for the study of common problems of an area or region and for the promotion of intergovernmental cooperation, prior to and as a condition precedent to its entry into force, shall be submitted to the attorney general who shall determine whether the agreement is in proper form and compatible with the laws of this state. The attorney general shall approve any agreement submitted hereunder unless the attorney general shall find that it does not meet the conditions set forth herein and shall detail in writing addressed to the governing bodies of the public and private agencies concerned the specific respects in which the proposed agreement fails to meet the requirements of law. Failure to disapprove an agreement submitted hereunder within 90 days of its submission shall constitute approval thereof.

K.S.A. §12-2905. Same; filing; status; damage or liability actions.

Prior to its entry into force, an agreement made pursuant to this act shall be filed with the register of deeds of the county where such political subdivision or agency of the state government is located and with the secretary of state. In the event that an agreement entered into pursuant to this act is between or among one or more public agencies of this state and one or more public agencies of another state or of the United States, said agreement shall have the status of an interstate compact, but in any case or controversy involving performance or interpretation thereof or liability thereunder, the public agencies party thereto shall be real parties in interest and the state may maintain an action to recoup or otherwise make itself whole for any damages or liability which it may incur by reason of being joined as a party therein. Such action shall be maintainable against any public or private agency or agencies whose default, failure of performance, or other conduct caused or contributed to the incurring of damage or liability by the state.

K.S.A. §12-2908. Contracts between certain municipalities.

(a) When used in this act, “municipality” means a city, county or township.

(b) Any municipality may contract with any municipality to perform any governmental service, activity or undertaking which each contracting municipality is authorized by law to perform. The contract shall be authorized by the governing body of the municipality and shall state the purpose of the contract and the powers and duties of the parties thereunder.

(c) A contract entered into pursuant to this section shall not be regarded as an interlocal agreement under the provisions of K.S.A. 12-2901 et seq., and amendments thereto.

K.S.A. §12-2906. Same; additional approval of certain agreements; insurance-pooling agreements.

In the event that an agreement made pursuant to this act shall deal in whole or in part with the provisions of services or facilities with regard to which an officer or agency of the state government has constitutional or statutory powers of control, the agreement shall, as a condition precedent to its entry into force, be submitted to the state officer or agency having such power of control and shall be approved or disapproved by the state officer or agency as to all matters within such officer’s or agency’s jurisdiction in the same manner and subject to the same requirements governing the action of the attorney general pursuant to K.S.A. 12-2904(f), and amendments thereto. This requirement of submission and approval shall be in addition to and not in substitution for the requirement of submission to and approval by the attorney general.

Chapter 75. State Departments; Public Officers and Employees

Article 37. Department of Administration

K.S.A. §75-3739. Competitive bids, exceptions; bidding procedures; reports of purchases without bids, waivers of bid solicitation publication and delegations of purchasing authority; highway contracts exemption; state agency contracts exemption; prior approval of real property leases.

In the manner as provided in this act and rules and regulations established thereunder:

(a) All contracts for construction and repairs, and all purchases of and contracts for supplies, materials, equipment and contractual services to be acquired for state agencies shall be based on competitive bids, except that competitive bids need not be required in the following instances:

(4) when any statute authorizes another procedure or provides an exemption from the provisions of this section;

(h) The director of purchases may authorize state agencies to contract for services and materials with other state agencies, or with federal agencies, political subdivisions of Kansas, agencies of other states or subdivisions thereof, or private nonprofit educational institutions, without competitive bids.

(i) The director of purchases may participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement or consortium for purchases of supplies, materials, equipment, and contractual services with federal agencies or agencies of other states or local units of government. Cooperative purchasing agreements entered into under this subsection shall not be subject to K.S.A. 75-3739 through 75-3740a, and amendments thereto.